Bluebird: Types ,Characteristics, What They Eat, Habitat & Much More

We invite you to learn everything about the bluebird , from its general characteristics to some subspecies that exist within this bird that is so different from a burrowing bird , for example.

Now, to know what a Mountain bluebird is, it is essential that we start from the most basic, for this reason the first thing you should know about the Mountain bluebird is its scientific name . which is Sialia currucoides but is also known as the bluebird of the mountains. It is also called and mordecai Mountain bluebird.

The Mountain bluebird is a passerine bird, that is, it is within the order of the most numerous birds on planet Earth, which includes all birds.

The Mountain bluebird in turn integrates the family of the well-known Turdids, (similar to the tanager bird ) this is made up of three hundred species of medium-sized birds that normally feed on insects in forest areas, these birds are migratory and at the same time sedentary.

In general terms, the bluebird tends to measure eighteen centimeters as an adult male and is commonly called Bluebird of the mountains since it is completely blue.

Another word that tends to be assigned to the Mountain bluebird is Passerina Cyanea, which if translated from Latin means blue bird and there are testimonies that in Cuba, for example, it is simply known as Azulejo. Likewise, it is important to consider that the bluebird is native to eastern, southwestern, and central North America and when winter comes it migrates to the Bahamas, the Greater Antilles, Panama, Central America, and northern South America.

mountains tile
Mountain bluebird mages

Types Of Bluebirds

It is relevant to know that there is not a single Mountain bluebird , but that there are various subspecies of this bird that are found in different geographical areas and show some differences among themselves, mostly in terms of their appearance, which by the way is very different from that of the cardinal bird . example. For this reason, below we show you some of these Mountain bluebird . By the way, common or montane bluebirds live in western North America at elevations of seven thousand meters.

If we talk about North America, it should be noted that there are:

types of blue birds 

  • 1:- the Cinnamon-throated Bluebird, which, like the one that follows, has a brown chest that is almost red, but the rest of its plumage is blue (Some call it a red Mountain bluebird ).
blue-throated bluebird
gorjicanelo tile

  • 2:- the bluethroated found west of the Rocky Mountains across Mexico and Canada. It is also called the Mexican Eastern bluebird .
blue-throated tilebird
Eastern bluebird blue-throated tilefish

  • 3:- the eastern bluebird or the Sialia sialis , a bird that is distributed throughout Canada, Mexico and Honduras. In addition, this Eastern bluebird has been adopted as the symbolic bird of states such as New York and Missouri.
bluebird sialia
Eastern bluebird – sialia sialis

Common characteristics of the Eastern bluebird

The bluebird can be described as a very striking bird due to its blue plumage, but there are certain peculiarities to consider, such as the fact that the adult and male specimens are entirely blue while the females have their tail and neck gray. chest.

The size of the bird or canary is conical and short. When the breeding season arrives, the plumage of the male turns an indigo blue tone, something very different from what happens, for example, with the kiwi bird.

When the bluebird decides to spend the winter in the south, its blue feathers are seen combined with some brown ones. Likewise, the juvenile specimens and the females have a brown back while their lower or lower area is lighter with some stripes on their chest, likewise their wings also present traces in brown tones. Another of the  characteristics of the bluebird is that they tend to congregate in small flocks and eat seeds, insects and small fruits.

Another of the characteristics of the bluebird  is its oval tail, it is smaller than that of the crow and it is normal to see different blues in a single bluebird , more than anything else in the feathers on its back and in the upper part of its body. It has a dark, black beak and the lower part of its body sometimes has a tone that resembles white. The wingspan of the bluebird is seventeen centimeters and it weighs about thirty-five grams.

tile bird wingspanBluebird wingspan

How to make a bluebird  sing?

One of the best incentives for a bird to start singing is that it is in a place that is not only pleasant for it, but also that it listens to other birds sing. This undoubtedly stimulates the bird to sing. You can also try some melody and perhaps reward it with a special food every time it manages to sing.

Bluebird feeding

What the bluebird eats is very wide since there is even a species of bluebirds that feeds on nothing more than flower nectar, because they have an adapted mechanism to suck it, while other bluebirds prefer to chase ants to get the insects that flee from them.

bluebird eating banana @ birdingcraft/com

In a few words, thebluebird  is a bird that likes to eat fruits, berries and various insects such as spiders, which it manages to hunt by pounced on the ground to ambush them, just as it does with flies, for example, of course, before hunting the bluebird , it it poses from some suitable place to observe its prey well until it sees the right moment to proceed to capture it by swooping down.

Other things that the tiles eat are acorns, nuts, invertebrates such as worms and if it is in captivity or caged it manages using tools such as paper to bring the desired food source closer to its quarters.

However, it is important to point out that the bluebird  tends to be captured by people to be adopted as a pet, so here is a video that shows how beautiful it is and how much it loves to eat. I also recommend you see this article on Bird Feeders ideal for feeding these birds.

The Bluebird Habitat

The natural and ideal habitat of the bluebird  is the one that is made up of not so thick forests, it also inhabits areas with bushes and trees but even so there are some that live close to cities.

In general, the bluebird likes to live in a forest or anywhere with abundant food and is distributed throughout open areas ranging from northwestern Mexico to the western United States and Canada.

Likewise, the bluebird inhabits areas with mountains and can be found to the north through Alaska as well as Venezuela and Colombia as we will see later. Everything we have discussed so far differs markedly from the bell bird .

Another thing we have to know about the bluebird is that those who live in high altitude areas move south in search of better climatic and nutritional conditions, so it is common to see the migration of bluebirds from the mountains in cold times.

This splendid bird is known in Colombia by the name of common bluebird whose scientific name is Thraupis episcopus and does not present major variations with the bluebird that we have studied so far, despite this it has some particularities such as the fact that its height is sixteen and a half centimeters, its neck, head and lower areas are a very light bluish gray with a deep blue back.

It has both wings and a blue tail that is different from the blue that it has on its shoulders, which are more opaque but are increasing in color. Experts affirm that some species similar to this Thraupis episcopus are the palm tree and the glaucous tile. The first is of a less intense color with half of its hind wings black, which resembles the appearance of the second.

Similarly, it is important to note that wildlife observers say that the bluebirds of Colombia show certain regional differences, such as the fact that in the foothills there is a subspecies leucoptera whose shoulders are white.

bluebird episcopus
thraupis episcopus

It is believed that the bluebird in Colombia is capable of reaching 2,600 meters in height and can be found both south and west of Cauca and Nariño, west of the Colombian Andes including Santa Marta and east of the Andes, north of Santander and northwest of Arauca.

It is also seen to the east of the Andes and Vichada by the Orinoco, Guainía and Vaupés, to the west of Casanare and Meta as well as specifically to the south of Caquetá until reaching the Amazon. Other latitudes in which the bluebird extends are eastern Mexico, western Peru, northern Bolivia, Amazonian and clear Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago without forgetting southern Florida in the United States.

On the other hand, the habitat that hosts the bluebird  in Colombia is not very different from the one we mentioned in general lines above, since more than anything it can be found in populated areas, in parks, in crops or plantations and in areas dry or wet.

More Bluebird data

The diet of the bluebird that lives in Colombia is the same as that mentioned before, that is, it eats fruits, insects, berries, flowers, and small invertebrates.

Reproduction is practically the same, the nest is made as a deep, thick or robust cup in which the female lays two or four eggs that are bluish-white with certain dark stripes and dots and the reproductive season has no limit but rather It can be at any time of the year, although it can vary according to the geographical area.

In relation to behavior, it does not show sudden changes either, but the Bluebird that is found in Colombia behaves in a friendly way, very sociable and gregarious or what is the same, they form small groups or pairs and when they are eating they tend to check at the same time. time the branches, foliage, flowering and fruit trees as well as insects that are flying or prowling on the ground. The sounds they make are similar to a harsh tsiivo followed by the occasional high-pitched squeal.

bluebird in habitat
Bluebirds in their habitat

In Venezuela, the bluebird is designated by various names such as garden Bluebird and bluish tangana, the scientific name of the Bluebird is the same as that indicated in the case of Colombia, that is, Thraupis episcopus.

The size of the Venezuelan Bluebird is eighteen centimeters long and its weight does not exceed thirty-five grams. An adult bluebird that lives in Venezuela shows a greyish head with its back and underside dark blue, it also has a greenish tone on the wings and on the tail there are some shades of blue on the shoulders. The beak of this bird is stout and short and it sings as if it were squealing softly, it’s as if it were saying yes or even chuip.

In Venezuela, it has been shown that there are between thirteen and fifteen subspecies of bluebirds that are distinguished from each other by their different colors ranging from deep blue to the lightest, including colors such as violet blue and greenish.

The habitat is practically that of a tropical climate and it feeds by sucking nectar from flowers as well as taking advantage of tropical fruits and the diversity of insects such as crickets, grasshoppers, beetles, snails and centipedes.

They are very confident and active birds with daytime activity and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed this bluebird  as a non-threatened species that is highly attracted to fruit trees such as mango, banana and of milky

The females, when they reproduce, do not lay more than three dark-spotted eggs that they deposit in their nests, respectively, made by them in tall trees or in holes in buildings. She proceeds to incubate them for fourteen continuous days, at birth she raises them with her partner for seventeen days and on certain occasions she also incubates and raises thrushes eggs.

Here you have a video so that you know one of the fifteen subspecies of bluebirds that exist in Venezuela, we hope you enjoy it.

The palm tree tile

This type of bluebird  is very typical in Venezuela and receives the scientific name of Thraupis palmarum, its size is sixteen and a half centimeters and its plumage is olive green in color that is close to gray but its back is bluish, it also has feathers light yellow and black on its wings.

This palm Bluebird is very similar to the common Bluebird and it is very normal to see them together, their songs are also similar, what does differ a little between the two is the behavior since the palm Bluebird prefers to live in non-urban areas, far from humans but full of trees or, in the jungle where you can find him hanging upside down clapping his hands.

clapper tile bird
Thraupis palmarum

At the time of reproduction, it chooses to make the nest in the cavities of the palms and inhabits dry or humid areas with scrub, so that its distribution goes throughout Venezuela where there are many rain forests, gallery forests or those that are in the banks of rivers and ravines and of course, the cloudy ones.

Bluebird Reproduction

The bluebird is known to mate in spring and summer making its nest as if it were a cup or a bowl of soup if it does not opt ​​for any wooden box within reach and use it for that purpose.

In the nest, the female lays four to five eggs that she will incubate for two weeks and when her chicks hatch they will be well cared for by both parents for fifteen or twenty days. By the way, each pair of bluebirds usually has two clutches in each mating season and on certain occasions, a juvenile bluebird from the first clutch remains in the nest to help its parents take care of the subsequent clutch, that is, his little brothers

tile bird nest box
Wooden box adopted as a nest

The Courtship Behaviours

Courtship behaviours, Like songs, displays, and dances, are  ways for birds to show off their strength, health, and ability to produce offspring

In order to reproduce with a partner, the bluebird  must perform a courtship or ritual that includes the articulation of body movements or physical gestures as well as dances or dances and of course the various vocalizations or sounds.

When the pair of tiles forms, it will last for a lifetime, that is, they are monogamous birds. They live in pairs and when the nest-building process begins, it is the male who gathers all the necessary materials that the female will use to build the nest.

Incubation is the task of the female and begins as soon as she lays her eggs in the nest while her partner or the male is in charge of looking for food for both of them. When the eggs hatch, the male will search for food for the female, for himself and for the chicks.

The female will be able to start leaving the nest in search of food only when her chicks are a few weeks old. Something very curious is that the bluebird  chicks from an early age are daring to browse inside their nest where they begin to walk and when they are three weeks old they will leave it to fly and fend for themselves, leaving the nest for good.

male bluebird
Male bluejet looking for food

Tiled Nesting Behaviour

The bluebird  makes its nest in tree cavities or in unoccupied wooden boxes found in the wild. They like to nest in remote areas because that way they are less affected by not having to compete with other birds for places to nest and when winter comes they join other birds of the same species.

In the United States, as well as in Canada, the nesting season begins in May and ends in September. They decide to build the nest in small trees and leafy bushes that are close to food sources such as crops, swamps, roads, and deciduous forests (those that are left without leaves every year in the dry season or in the winter and When the season of warm weather and rain arrives, they are renewed).

bluebird nest and eggs
Tiled eggs and nest

The nest is built with leaves, pieces of bark, stems and straw. The clutches of each female are from one to four white eggs, sometimes bluish with spots, and so that you become more fond of the bluebird, here is a video so that you can see first-hand a couple of bluebird chicks in their nest. I recommend you see the best Nests for Canaries and other small birds, ideal for the bluebird .

Bluebird behavior

In this section it should be noted that the bluebird  is known as a very noisy bird that can imitate the vocalizations of other birds such as hawks. In addition, all bluebirds are curious, intelligent and daring.

Regarding the migration of the bluebird , it begins in winter and occurs due to the need for food and shelter, forming flocks of two hundred and fifty specimens. However, migration is not mandatory because some bluebirds that do it one year may decide not to do it the next, this is perhaps because they get the food they need to survive by staying in their ideal place even if they are in winter and conditions are difficult. or rude

tile bird watcher
Observant bluebird

Some Curiosities about the bluebird 

The bluebird  has been a reason for admiration for its dazzling colors, for its singing and its curious and friendly behavior, so much so that in various countries they have insisted on catching it to acquire it as a pet.

It is known at least that in Cuba some cages are used that function as a trampoline, these have food on the upper external part, the bluebird arrives attracted by it and because inside there is a bird locked up that sings to call it and when the poor unhappy goes to his call and eat falls into the cage sinking is said trap.

bluebird in pairs
bluebird in pair

Another country where the bluebird  is caught to be sold as a pet and enjoy its song and peculiarities is in Mexico. In addition, it has been verified that the bluebird  has different vocalizations as well as its wide range of blue tones that has no limits but dares to approach violet and green tones, even the size of the bluebird  is not something standard since it all depends on where you live and the food you eat.

Likewise, it is important to know that the bluebird  is fortunately not in danger of extinction but that it is considered a species that is of less concern in terms of its conservation and so that you can see the degree of domestication and companionship that the bird can present. azulejo we leave you the following video in which the azulejo is curious and daring like a normal pet.

Other interesting facts about the bluebird

We cannot end this article on the bluebird without mentioning that in terms of its conservation it has been proven that the population of bluebirds dropped or decreased at the beginning of the 20th century due to causes such as the destruction of their habitat, crops and fields that they feed it, from their nesting places such as dry or hollow trees, without forgetting the continuous and harmful use of pesticides plus the attack of the nests by various predators such as hawks.

tile bird and tropical fruits
Bluebirds enjoying tropical fruits

Likewise, it is curious that when the breeding season arrives, that is, between March and September, it is normal to see the bluebird  in family groups that are made up of a maximum of five specimens, a minimum of three, all flying together and making shrill sounds.

May we never forget the fact that the bluebird is capable of inhabiting from 2,200 meters north of the Orinoco River to 1,700 meters south of it, which does not limit it, since it departs from there to other countries. from South and Central America, which we have already mentioned repeatedly when talking about its general distribution, which is super wide, crossing the borders to countries further north such as Alaska and Canada.

Finally, the longevity of the bluebird  is estimated to be seven or eight years in the wild, but in captivity things change significantly, since they depend on whether the bird has an ideal environment and a spacious and comfortable cage, which is not cramped. nor go through stressful circumstances that make him sick, depress him and lead him to his premature and surprising death for his owner.

To culminate, if you have a pet bluebird  or you have come across a defenseless bluebird  and you want to adopt it to take care of it as your pet, what we suggest is that you feed it with a porridge made of fruits like the ones we mentioned before and give it to him using an injector, remember that you must keep him in a clean, warm place, cover his cage at night with a cloth or similar and give him lots of love.

We hope that all this information satisfies your thirst for knowledge.


In this way you know about blue birds hope you like the article thank you….

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